The Nineteenth Century: Europe 1789-1914 (Short Oxford History of Europe)

By T. C. W. Blanning

Within the 19th century Europe replaced extra quickly and extra significantly than in the course of any past interval. those six specifically commissioned chapters by means of eminent historians supply the coed and basic reader a special method of knowing some of the most advanced classes of recent historical past, addressing all of the significant matters in Europe's political, social, monetary, cultural, overseas, and Imperial history.

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Cain) British Imperialism: Innovation and enlargement 1688–1914 and British Imperialism: main issue and Deconstruction 1914–1990 (1993). PAUL W. SCHROEDER is Professor Emeritus of heritage and Political technology on the collage of Illinois. he's the writer of a number of books and plenty of articles at the heritage and concept of ecu and global overseas politics. His most up-to-date paintings is The Transformation of ecu Politics 1763–1848 (1994), a quantity within the Oxford background of recent Europe sequence. JAMES J. SHEEHAN is Dickason Professor within the Humanities at Stanford college. between his various courses on German historical past are German Liberalism within the 19th Century (1978) and the vintage German background 1770–1866 (1990). His historical past of German paintings museums is imminent. ROBERT TOMBS is Reader in French heritage at Cambridge and a Fellow of St John’s collage, Cambridge. His books contain France 1814–1914 (1996) and The Paris Commune 1871 (1999). advent: the tip of the outdated regime T. C. W. Blanning Europe replaced extra quickly and extra notably through the 19th century than in the course of any past interval. possibly so much essentially, its inhabitants greater than doubled, from 205 million in 1800 to 414 million in 1900, now not counting the 38 million who emigrated to different elements of the area throughout the century. The economic system grew even speedier, because the consistent with capita Gross nationwide Product (GNP—i. e. the complete financial output for each eu) elevated by way of one hundred twenty in keeping with cent among 1830 and 1913. extra seen to contemporaries than the it sounds as if modest charges of annual progress that underlay this secular determine was once the communications revolution. In 1800 the rich travelled through horse-drawn carriage and the bad walked; in 1900 the rich travelled first-class at the railway or have been pushed of their personal autos, whereas the terrible travelled 3rd classification at the railway and by means of omnibus, tram, or underground railway. the 1st Paris Metro line opened in 1900, wearing 15 million passengers in its first yr of operations (a determine that had elevated twentyfold by means of 1909). On 17 December 1903 the 1st flight by way of a powered airplane pointed easy methods to an excellent extra progressive acceleration within the velocity of go back and forth. Messages had lengthy been vacationing above floor, due to the discovery of the telegraph within the 1830s and the phone within the 1870s. The extra earth-bound written observe used to be additionally unfold extra and swifter than ever prior to, because the mechanized printing presses and paper-making machines introduced the unit expense of newspapers within sight of working-class wallet. This was once followed and inspired by way of the digital disappearance of illiteracy from western, northern, and critical Europe. Nor was once this alteration limited to the ecu continent. The imperial powers, led through Britain, subjugated large tracts of the realm, to the level that—as Tony Hopkins tells us in bankruptcy 6—even the penguins of the Antarctic needed to recognize their sway. No ask yourself that the French poet Charles Péguy might write in 1914 that the area had replaced extra given that he begun going to college within the Eighteen Eighties than through the prior millennia.

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